The infectious anaemia is rare for the equids.
It's a viral disease and for the moment we don't know how to cure
it. This contagious disease affects the donkey in a permanent way
with or without symptom and can in rare cases develop in an acute
The transmission of the disease is through the blood inoculation of
one infected equine towards a healthy donkey. It is through the intermediary
of insects which feed on blood and come and go from one animal to
the other (ex: horseflies).
This disease can also be transmitted by syringes and
surgical material which have not been sterilized property or through
the blood transfusions. Transmissions by venereal tract have been
The symptoms of infectious anaemia are generally non-existent, but
this disease can also present chronic forms, even shrill.
The shrill form appears with a strong fever and a fall in the
number of blood platelets. The donkey is then in a state of depression
and presents loss of appetite as well as moderate anaemia. In the
most severe cases, we note nosebleed and an important ventral oedema
which precede death by a few days.
In the event of a cure, the disease develops towards a recurring
form. The donkey knows several illnesses which first appear as a
fever, as well as a fall of the blood platelets. These illnesses
weaken gradually in intensity, and disappear approximately at the
end of a year.
Following one of these illnesses, the disease can possibly become
a chronic form, it is deteriorating gradually the general conditions
of the animal deteriorates gradually: anaemia, oedemas and sometimes
But in the majority of the cases, the infected animal does not
present any symptom but nevertheless remain carrying the virus for
the remainder of its life.
There are no treatments for the infectious anaemia, and its prevention
is based on the detection of the seropositive animals, the insulation
of the breeding, and the slaughter of the infected animals.
This disease is on the list of the contagious diseases in France,
and its detection involves the cancellation of the sale (latent